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Soft drinks & Obesity

In a recent article published at the American Journal of clinical nutrition, a correlation between the consumption of soft drinks has contributed to the increase risk of Coronary heart  disease, diabetes and obesity.

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), or soft drinks, include carbonated and noncarbonated beverages that contain sugar-based caloric sweeteners and are flavored with fruit juice or natural or artificial flavors. These beverages currently contribute 9.2% of total energy intake in the United States—an increase from 3.9% in the late 1970s. In fact, on average, SSBs are the top energy contributor in the US diet . Previous epidemiologic studies have found a positive association between SSBs and weight gain and obesity in both children and adults. In addition, a higher consumption of SSBs has been linked to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Because obesity and type 2 diabetes are important risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), we hypothesized that regular consumption of SSBs is associated with an increased risk of CHD. SSBs can also influence the risk of CHD, independent of obesity, as a potential contributor to a high glycemic load, which has been linked to higher concentrations of the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein and an increased risk of diabetes and CHD. Short-term trials that changed the dietary fiber or sucrose content or body weight have been shown to change the concentrations of inflammatory markers. Inflammation is not only involved in atherosclerosis, but also affects plaque stability and thrombosis, which may respond to lifestyle changes more quickly than atherosclerosis. Therefore, both recent and cumulative measures of SSB might affect CHD risk.

To examine whether SSB consumption is associated with CHD, and whether the relation is independent of obesity and diabetes, we prospectively assessed the intake of sweetened beverages and CHD in middle-aged women with detailed measures of lifestyle and dietary factors. Because soft drinks were the major SSB consumed in this cohort, we particularly emphasized this type of beverage.

In this large prospective cohort study of women, we observed a significant positive association between regular consumption of SSBs and risk of CHD. This association remained significant even after adjustment for a multitude of dietary and lifestyle factors. Additional adjustment for the BMI and energy intake score somewhat attenuated this association, which suggested that excess calorie intakes and obesity mediate the association. In addition, we observed a small and nonsignificant association between consumption of artificially sweetened beverages and risk of CHD after multivariate adjustment.

A study just published, which is part of the ongoing Health Professionals Follow-up Study, has examined the association between sugar-sweetened beverages and incident coronary heart disease (CHD) defined as fatal and non-fatal heart attacks.
Over 42,000 men were followed for 22 years with food frequency questionnaires ever 4 years and state of health and lifestyle ascertainment every 2 years and fatalities identified from the National Death Index. Men in the top quartile of consumption
(median of about one drink per dayrange 4.5/week to 7.5/day) had a 20% relative risk increase in the CHD endpoints which was reduced to 18% after correcting for a wide variety of confounders.
They also found a positive association with a number of inflammatory markers and as well increased triglycerides and decreased HDL, all of which may provide insight into the mechanism.

Switching from soft drinks to water with lemon can prevent the incidence of  heart disease, diabetes and obesity. We evaluate the state of hydration for our clients using Biofeedback and encourage them to modify their eating and drinking habits.

Caramel coloring in soft drinks has been linked to Cancer. Watch this eye opening video to see the evidence that sodas can cause: Diabetes, Cancer, Arthritis, Gout and Obesity among numerous other chronic diseases.
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/caramel-coloring-carcinogens-coke-pepsi/?utm_source=NutritionFacts.org&utm_campaign=e3acd55871-RSS_VIDEO_DAILY&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_40f9e497d1-e3acd55871-23874113

Numerous studies have shown the negative health effects of drinking soda on your waistline and your teeth. Drinking soda however, has far more serious health risks than many of us may realize.

According to Euromonitor, the average person in the United States consumes more than 126 grams of sugar per day. That is equal to 25.2 teaspoons, or the equivalent of drinking a little over three 12 ounce colas.

Numerous studies have shown the negative health effects of drinking soda on your waistline and your teeth. Drinking soda however, has far more health risks than many of us may realize. Regular consumption of sugary drinks is linked to numerous health problems including diabetes, heart disease, asthma, COPD and obesity.

So what are the risks and how much soda is too much? Let us take a look:

1. Soda can cause a decline in kidney function. In an 11-year-long Harvard Medical School study, including 3,318 women, researchers found that diet cola is linked with a two-fold increased risk for kidney decline.

2. Soda increases diabetes risk. High levels of sugar in soda places a lot of stress on your pancreas, potentially leaving it unable to keep up with the bodys need for insulin. Drinking one or two sugary drinks per day increases your risk for type 2 diabetes by 25%.

3. Soda cans are lined with BPA. Soda cans are coated with the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA), which has been linked to everything from heart disease to obesity to reproductive problems.

4. Soda dehydrates you. Caffeine is a diuretic. Diuretics promote the production of urine, causing you to urinate more frequently. When the bodys cells are dehydrated they have difficulty absorbing nutrients, and it also makes it more difficult for the body to eliminate waste.

5. Caramel coloring in soda is linked to cancer. The artificial brown coloring in colas is a chemical process, it is not made from caramelized sugar. It is made by reacting sugars with ammonia and sulfites under high pressure and temperatures. These chemical reactions result in the formation of 2-methylimidazole (2-MI) and 4 methylimidazole (4-MI), which in government-conducted studies caused lung, liver, or thyroid cancer or leukemia in laboratory mice and rats.

6. Caramel coloring in soda is linked to vascular issues. Dr. Nehal N. Mehta, director of Inflammatory Risk Cardiology at the University of Pennsylvania states that there is a link between vascular problems and caramel-containing products.

7. Soda is high in calories. A 20 ounce can of Coca Cola contains 17 teaspoons of sugar and 240 caloriesempty calories devoid of any nutritional value. It would take the average adult over one hour of walking to burn off the 240 calories in a 20-ounce soda.

8. Caffeine in soda blocks the absorption of magnesium. According to Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D. Magnesium is essential for more than 325 enzyme reactions in the body. Magnesium also plays a role in your body’s detoxification processes and therefore is important for minimizing damage from environmental chemicals, heavy metals, and other toxins.

9. Soda increases obesity risk in children. Each additional soda or other sugary drink consumed per day increases the likelihood of a child becoming obese by about 60%. Sugary drinks are connected to other health problems as well.

10. Soda increases heart disease in men. Each soda consumed per day increases the risk of heart disease by 20% in men.

11. Acid in soda wears away dental enamel. Lab testing on soda acidity shows that the amount of acid in soda is enough to wear away dental enamel. pH levels in soda can be as low as 2.5, as a frame of reference battery acid has a pH of 1, water has a pH of 7.0.

12. Soda contains high amounts of sugar. The average 20-ounce can of Coca Cola has the equivalent of 17 teaspoons of sugar, it’s not hard to see that soda can be bad for your teeth and your overall health.

13. Soda contains artificial sweeteners. While many people opt for artificial sugar to lower caloric intake the tradeoff for your health is not so sweet. Artificial sugars are linked to numerous illness and diseases including cancer.

Obesity can raise your risk of cancer in several ways. Some cancers, especially breast and endometrial cancer, are sensitive to the female sex hormone estrogen, and fat cells produce an excess of this hormone.

This is also why obesity in young children is such a grave concern. By carrying excess weight (and excess estrogen) for many years, if not decades, they’re at a significantly heightened risk of cancer as adults.

Obesity is also associated with elevated inflammation levels in your body, which can contribute to cancer growth. One of the basic reasons why nutritional ketosis works so well against cancer is because it drives your inflammation down to almost nothing.

www.academyofwellness.com



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